Dialogus miraculorum [Strange, 1851]: XI, 14

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TE019002
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Caesarius Heisterbacensis
SummaryRésuméZusammenfassungSommarioResumen:
(Fr.) À l'abbaye cistercienne de Himmerod, il y avait un moine nommé Rudinger, d'une vie peu louable. Il avait plusieurs fois apostasié sans jamais faire une digne pénitence. Il retourna au monastère vers la fin de sa vie, atteint d'hydropisie, et fut accepté. Une fois, le saint moine David de Himmerod lui apparut et lui annonça l'heure de sa mort, puis le consola, en lui promettant d'implorer pour lui la pitié de Dieu et de la vierge Marie et, si nécessaire, lutter pour son salut. Rudinger mourut à l'heure prédite par David.
CommentaryCommentaireKommentarCommentoComentario:

Himmerod (Claustrum), abbaye cistercienne en Rhénanie-Palatinat, quatorzième fille de Clairvaux, fondée en 1134 par saint Bernard. David, moine d’Himmerod († 1179). David de Florence, d’abord moine de Clairvaux, fut envoyé à la fondation d’Himmerod en ll34. David est mentionné dans le DM à plusieurs reprises : I 4, II 18, XI 2, 3, 7, 11 et 14, XII 44 et 55.

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CAPITULUM XIV De Rudingero monacho cui beatus David finem suum praedixit.

Fuit in eodem Claustre monachus quidam Rudingerus nomine, secundum nomen suum rudis satis in conversatione. In ordine siquidem minus ordinate vixerat, et quod deterius erat, saepius apostatando, tempus poenitentiae sibi concessum inutiliter consumpserat. Circa finem vitae suae reversus, et receptus, ydropisi morbo percussus est. Qui cum die quadam ante lectum suum sederet et orationes aliquas diceret, beatus David, ante annos decem defunctus, in effigie nota ingrediens cum duobus aeque defunctis, ait : Frater Rudingere quid agis, aut quomodo habes? Respondit ille: Sicut homo pauper et infirmus. Corpus per tumorem distenditur, et quod me plus anget, multorum criminum mole conscientia gravatur. Quem sanctus consolans dixit: Diu quidem male vixisti: sed hodie scias te moriturum. Ego Dominam nostram sanctam Dei Genitricem et reliquos sanctos pro te rogavi, et duros eos inveni, et nisi exauditus fuero, totum coelestem exercitum movebo. Sicque disparuit. Quod cum ille domino Hermanno Abbati, quandoque sanctorum Apostolorum Decano, et tunc in Claustro Priori, recitasset, respondit ille: Bone domine Rudingere, vos estis vir provectae aetatis, et infirmus, et cito moriemini, nolite dicere nisi veritatem. Bene noverat vitam eius. Respondit infirmus: Si non fuero mortuus hodie, hora nona diei, falsa sunt quae dixi. Quid plura? Hora praedicta monachus moritur, et de visione Prior certificatur.
NOVICIUS: Puto daemones multum fremere, cum tales eis subtrahuntur.
MONACHUS: Sicut sancti angeli morientium animas deducere nituntur in coelum, sic angeli mali eas detrudere conantur in infernum.

From:
Strange Joseph, 1851. Caesarii Heisterbacensis Monachi Ordinis Cisterciensis Dialogus Miraculorum. Textum ad quatuor codicum manuscriptorum editionisque principiis fidem accurate recognovit Josephus Strange., Köln-Bonn-Brüssel, vols. 2.

ReferencesRéférencesReferenzenRiferimentiReferencias

Tubach:

Tubach Frederic C., 1969. Index exemplorum. A Handbook of medieval religious tales, Helsinki.:

  • #1475 (Var. B3) : Death omens and predictions. (Var.) (See also: 832). A.) Death omen. 1. Canon and death omen. A canon had a dream in which he was told in verse that he was to die shortly. Seeking solace in a horseback ride, he was thrown from his horse into a river and drowned. Mensa 41.207 (Dunn, p. 52). 2. Demons foretell death. A band of demons on horses foretells the death of the prefect of Arta and of the Archbishop of Beam. Alpha # 249. 3. Eclipse of sun as death omen. CHeist-X #24 . 4. Emperor and death omen. The Emperor heard a voice telling him that after eighty two days he would die. Lib. Ex. # 213. 5. Flames as sign of death. A prince sees flames on a hill which foretell the death of a cursed rich man; the next night the man dies. Alpha # 508; Recull # 444.– Monteverdi, p. 291 (12); Toldo, Archiv. CXIX, p. 361; Pat.Lat. CXLV, 439. 6. Hawk as death omen. Herodes Agrippa, conspiring against the Roman emperor, was told that a hawk flying over him was an omen of his impending death. Seelentrost (German) 187, 17; Thrøst (Swed.) 275, 20. 7. Ladder as death omen. A bishop dreamed that during a sermon he was led by two dead friends and shown a ladder pointing to his final resting place. Aev. # 23ter. 8. Three death omens. A man makes a bargain to receive three warnings before death, but he does not heed them. Pauli # 268; cf. # 267; Wright # 33. B.) Death, prediction of. 1. Death at certain times predicted. Disc. Cler. # 25; Enx (G) # 292, # 319, # 323, # 327, # 348; Enx (M) # 61, # 65; S.T.: M341.1.– Gregory, Dial. IV, 26. 2. Bishop, death of foretold. The vision of Cassius, Bishop of Narni, commending his devotion and foretelling the day of his death. H571 180.– Gregory, Dial. IV, 56. 3. Brother, dead, predicts death. The death of a sinful monk is foretold him by a dead brother who intends to intercede in heaven on his behalf. CHeist-XI #14; 45 (canon). 4. Emperor, death of predicted. A monk predicted the death of Emperor Valentius. Spec. Laic. # 231 (Welter). 5. Infant predicts death. Lucretius murders St. Beatrice for her land. A infant foretells his death, and he is tormented and slain by a devil. H281 # 32, H310 # 32. 6. King, death of foretold. Marianus predicts the king’s death to his messengers; after three days the king dies. Cf. Alpha # 266 and # 305; Disc. Cler. 25 (Schwarzbaum II, 58 59); S.T.: M341, M341.1.– Chauvin IX, pp. 31 32 # 23. 7. Knight, death of predicted thrice. A sinful knight goes to confession after a beautiful woman appeared to him three consecutive night telling him that he is to die. He is mysteriously killed in battle. The saying of the Ave Maria brings him salvation. Lib. Ex. # 44. 8. Man warned of death. A man is warned that he has but three days to live; he resolves to spend the first in pleasure and dies unconfessed. H381 # 133 (Spec. Laic.), H394 # 363 (Spec. Laic.), H501 # 293. 9. Monk predicts, masses. A pious monk predicted that two masses were soon to be said for him; he died a few days later. CHeist-IX #31 . 10. Penitent predicts death. A man who lived a sinful life for forty years does penance as a monk. He predicts the hour of his death and the devils lose him to the angels in a battle for his soul. (See also: 232, 1492, 4031). CHeist-XI #17; Pelbart # 373. 11. Preparation for death. St. Nicholas tells a man in the field to drive his sheep home and prepare to die that day; the man does so and dies. Alpha # 266; CHeist-VIII #75; Recull # 225 S.T.: M341. 12. Prior predicts own death. A pious prior predicts the exact hour of his death. CHeist-XI #10; libri8-II #30 . 13. Verse, death predicted in. A devil addresses a monk in verse predicting his early death. (See also: 1475, A, 1). CHeist-VI #55 . (© Frederic C. Tubach)
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  • Strange Joseph, 1851. Caesarii Heisterbacensis Monachi Ordinis Cisterciensis Dialogus Miraculorum. Textum ad quatuor codicum manuscriptorum editionisque principiis fidem accurate recognovit Josephus Strange., Köln-Bonn-Brüssel, vols. 2. vol. 2, p. 282-283..

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